Airway Management in the Adult

Mar 7, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Airway Management in the Adult

Key Points ▪ One of the fundamental responsibilities of the anesthesiologist is to mitigate the adverse effects of anesthesia on the respiratory system by maintaining airway patency and ensuring adequate…

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Respiratory Monitoring

Mar 7, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Respiratory Monitoring

Key wordscapnography, infrared spectroscopy, lung imaging, pulse oximetry, respiratory mechanics   Key Points ▪ Intraoperative respiratory monitoring is a fundamental component of the American Society of Anesthesiologists’ standards for basic…

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Perioperative Fluid and Electrolyte Therapy

Mar 7, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Perioperative Fluid and Electrolyte Therapy

Key Points ▪ Intravenous fluid therapy is a core part of perioperative practice, with the potential to influence patient outcomes. ▪ Water makes up approximately 60% of total body weight,…

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Perioperative Echocardiography

Mar 7, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Perioperative Echocardiography

Key Points ▪ Perioperative applications of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) include monitoring, diagnosis, and procedural guidance. The role of TEE in cardiac surgery, noncardiac surgery, interventional procedures, and critical care continues…

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Neurologic Monitoring

Mar 7, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Neurologic Monitoring

Key Points ▪ There are four key principles of intraoperative neurologic monitoring. ▪ The pathway at risk during the surgical procedure must be amenable to monitoring. ▪ The monitor must…

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Perioperative Acid-Base Balance

Mar 7, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Perioperative Acid-Base Balance

Key Points ▪ The presence of a significant acid-base abnormality often signals a sinister underlying problem. ▪ All acid-base abnormalities result from alterations in the dissociation of water. ▪ Only…

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Patient Positioning and Associated Risks

Mar 7, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Patient Positioning and Associated Risks

Key Points ▪ Patient positioning is a major responsibility that requires the cooperation of the entire surgical team. ▪ Many patient positions that are used for surgery result in undesirable…

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Anesthetic Implications of Concurrent Diseases

Mar 7, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Anesthetic Implications of Concurrent Diseases

Key Points ▪ The history and physical examination most accurately predict the risks of anesthesia and the likelihood of required changes in monitoring or therapy. ▪ For diabetic patients, end-organ…

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