Physics of Instrumentation

Dec 18, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Physics of Instrumentation

Fig. 35.1 Clark-type oxygen electrode When a voltage of 700 mV is applied across the electrodes the following reactions occur: Cathode: O2 + 2H20 + 4e− = 4OH− Electrolyte: KCl + OH− = KOH + Cl− Anode: Ag + Cl− = AgCl + e− The amount of electrons…

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Mechanical Ventilation

Dec 18, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Mechanical Ventilation

Fig. 37.1 The safe zone of mechanical ventilation. UIP upper inflection point, LIP lower inflection point 37.2 Classification of Mechanical Ventilation Classifying mechanical ventilators has evolved into a confusing, complex, and…

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Perioperative Intravenous Fluid Therapy

Dec 18, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Perioperative Intravenous Fluid Therapy

Osmolarity refers to the concentration of osmotically active particles in a solution expressed in milliosmoles per liter (mOsm/L) Plasma osmolarity is calculated based on the following osmotically active particles in…

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Statistics Made Simple: Introduction to Biostatistics and Research Design for the Anesthesiologist

Dec 18, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Statistics Made Simple: Introduction to Biostatistics and Research Design for the Anesthesiologist

Term Definition Agreement studies Studies assessing how well different methods of measuring the same underlying quantity agree with each other. Typical analyses are Bland-Altman methods (see Bland-Altman) including plotting differences…

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Physiology of Temperature Control

Dec 18, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Physiology of Temperature Control

Fig. 20.1 Thermoregulatory responses (Reprinted with permission, Cleveland Clinic Center for Medical Art & Photography © 2015–2017. All Rights Reserved) Fig. 20.2 Thermoregulatory thresholds The ability to react accordingly is based on…

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Pharmacology of Non-opioid Intravenous Anesthetics

Dec 18, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Pharmacology of Non-opioid Intravenous Anesthetics

Fig. 6.1 Barbituric acid ring (Reprinted with permission, Cleveland Clinic Center for Medical Art & Photography © 2016. All Rights Reserved) Table 6.1 Structure activity relationship   Substitution Effect Position 5 Aryl…

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Monitored Anesthesia Care

Dec 18, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Monitored Anesthesia Care

Opioid receptors Receptor Site of analgesic action Action Mu1 Supraspinal Analgesia, euphoria, confusion, and nausea Mu2 Spinal analgesia and supraspinal (brain stem) actions Respiratory depression, cardiovascular (bradycardia) and gastrointestinal effects…

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