Noninvasive Ventilatory Support Modes

Feb 26, 2020 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Noninvasive Ventilatory Support Modes

FIGURE 103.1 Noninvasive ventilation delivered through a nasal mask. HS, head straps; RC, respiratory circuit; V, ventilator. (Photograph printed with the permission of the patient.) Nasal Pillows Nasal pillows or…

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Temporary Cardiac Pacemakers

Feb 26, 2020 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Temporary Cardiac Pacemakers

TABLE 34.2 Standard American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Classification for Recommendations and Indications TABLE 34.3 Indications for Pacing in Acute Myocardial Infarction TABLE 34.4 Common Pacing Modes Available for…

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Vascular Cannulation

Feb 26, 2020 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Vascular Cannulation

FIGURE 33.1 Anatomy of the internal jugular vein. More superficial position than the SV Lower stenosis or occlusion rate as opposed to the SV. The advantages of using the right…

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Temperature Monitoring

Feb 26, 2020 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Temperature Monitoring

FIGURE 26.1 Zero-heat-flux cutaneous thermometer consists of a thermal insulator covered by an electric heater. The heater is servo-controlled to eliminate the heat flow through the insulator, at which point…

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Sepsis and Septic Shock

Feb 26, 2020 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Sepsis and Septic Shock

Severe Sepsis Sepsis associated with organ dysfunction, perfusion abnormalities, or hypotension: Organ system dysfunction can be described by organ failure scoring systems (12,13). TABLE 46.2 Revised Diagnostic Criteria for Sepsis…

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Antithrombotic and Thrombolytic Therapy

Feb 26, 2020 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Antithrombotic and Thrombolytic Therapy

Antithrombin Antithrombin inhibits thrombin, factor Xa, and other activated clotting factors, but in the absence of heparin, these reactions occur slowly. Heparin addition will increase the rate of inhibition of…

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Pericardial Disease

Feb 26, 2020 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Pericardial Disease

   = cavitary pressure – adjacent intrapericardial pressure Because the intrapericardial pressure is normally negative, this usually adds to the normal transmural pressure gradient (1). The relationship between intrapericardial and pleural…

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Neurologic Infections

Feb 26, 2020 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Neurologic Infections

TABLE 86.2 Predisposing Host Factors to Specific Etiologic Agents of Meningitis Nuchal rigidity can be detected with passive or active flexion of the neck. Tests, such as the Kernig and…

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Liver Transplantation

Feb 26, 2020 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Liver Transplantation

FIGURE 72.1 Graft failure among adult recipients of livers transplanted from deceased donors, 2012. (Adapted from 2012 Annual Report of the U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network and the Scientific…

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