Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology

Oct 21, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology

In addition to the usual anesthetic issues, surgical procedures of the head and neck present unique anesthetic challenges. Isolation from the surgical field physically places the anesthesia provider at a…

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Central Nervous System Disease

Oct 21, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Central Nervous System Disease

The editors and publisher would like to thank Drs. Lundy Campbell and Michael Gropper for contributing to this chapter in the previous edition of this work. It has served as…

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Renal, Liver, and Biliary Tract Disease

Oct 21, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Renal, Liver, and Biliary Tract Disease

Renal Disease Normal renal function is important for the excretion of anesthetics and medications, maintaining fluid and acid-base balance, and regulating hemoglobin levels in the perioperative period. Renal disease is…

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Congenital Heart Disease

Oct 21, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Congenital Heart Disease

The editors and publisher would like to thank Drs. James E. Baker and Isobel A. Russell for contributing to this chapter in the previous edition of this work. It has…

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Acid-Base Balance and Blood Gas Analysis

Oct 21, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Acid-Base Balance and Blood Gas Analysis

The concentrations of hydrogen and bicarbonate ions in plasma must be precisely regulated to optimize enzyme activity, oxygen transport, and rates of chemical reactions within cells. Each day approximately 15,000…

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Anesthetic Monitoring

Oct 21, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Anesthetic Monitoring

The editors and publisher would like to thank Dr. Anil de Silva for contributing to this chapter in the previous edition of this work. It has served as the foundation…

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Cardiovascular Disease

Oct 21, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of global death with an estimated 17 million deaths per year, and by 2030 this number could be more than 23 million. It is…

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Blood Therapy

Oct 21, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Blood Therapy

Allogeneic blood transfusions are given for inadequate oxygen-carrying capacity/delivery and correction of coagulation deficits. Also, blood transfusions provide additional intravascular fluid volume. The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Committee on…

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