ANESTHESIA

Otolaryngologic Principles

Nov 19, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Otolaryngologic Principles

INTRODUCTION Print Section Listen Many xenobiotics adversely affect the senses of olfaction, gustation, and cochlear–vestibular functions. Although these toxic effects are not life-­threatening they are frequently distressful to patients. Furthermore,…

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Gastrointestinal Principles

Nov 19, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Gastrointestinal Principles

INTRODUCTION Print Section Listen Humans are in constant contact with xenobiotics. In addition to its critical role in absorbing nutrients, the gastrointestinal (GI) tract forms the initial functional barrier between…

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Ophthalmic Principles

Nov 19, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Ophthalmic Principles

INTRODUCTION Print Section Listen Although it is arguable that the eyes are the mirror to the soul, it is certain that the eyes reveal a great deal of information with…

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Cardiologic Principles II: Hemodynamics

Nov 19, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Cardiologic Principles II: Hemodynamics

INTRODUCTION Print Section Listen Adequate tissue perfusion depends on maintenance of volume status, vascular resistance, cardiac contractility, and cardiac rhythm. All of these components of the hemodynamic system are vulnerable…

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Patient Violence

Nov 19, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Patient Violence

INTRODUCTION Print Section Listen The aggressive and/or violent patient presents unique challenges. Like suicidal patients, aggressive individuals are difficult to treat and they tend to elicit strong negative reactions in…

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Withdrawal Principles

Nov 19, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Withdrawal Principles

INTRODUCTION Print Section Listen In the central nervous system (CNS), excitatory neurons fire regularly, and inhibitory neurons inhibit the transmission of these impulses. Whenever action is required, the inhibitory tone…

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Psychiatric Principles

Nov 19, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Psychiatric Principles

INTRODUCTION Print Section Listen Psychiatric symptoms are often the cause of, or the effect of many toxicologic-presentations. Suicide attempts and aggressive behaviors are commonly associated with toxicity and can be…

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Neurologic Principles

Nov 19, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Neurologic Principles

INTRODUCTION Print Section Listen The central nervous system (CNS) coordinates responses to the fluctuating metabolic requirements of the body and modulates behavior, memory, and higher levels of thinking. These functions…

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Case Study 5

Nov 19, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Case Study 5

CASE STUDY 5 Print Section Listen History Parents called 911 because they found their 5-year-old girl at home unresponsive. Shortly before emergency medical services (EMS) arrived, the girl had a…

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Case Study 4

Nov 19, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Case Study 4

CASE STUDY 4 Print Section Listen History A 32-year-old woman with no significant past medical history presented to the emergency department with a 2-day history of a painless, rapidly ­expanding…

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