ANESTHESIA

Preoperative Evaluation

Mar 7, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Preoperative Evaluation

Key Points ▪ The anesthesia preoperative evaluation, which is the clinical foundation for guiding perioperative patient management, reduces perioperative morbidity and enhances patient outcome. ▪ The fundamental purpose of preoperative…

read more

Intravenous Anesthetics

Mar 7, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Intravenous Anesthetics

Key Points ▪ The introduction of thiopental into clinical practice in 1934 marked the beginning of modern intravenous (IV) anesthesia. Today, IV anesthetics are used for induction and maintenance of…

read more

Pulmonary Pharmacology and Inhaled Anesthetics

Mar 7, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Pulmonary Pharmacology and Inhaled Anesthetics

Key Points ▪ Inhaled anesthetics affect every part of physiology of the lungs and their pulmonary pharmacology is complex. ▪ Volatile anesthetics produce bronchodilation through decreases in cytoplasmic ionized calcium…

read more

Inhaled Anesthetics: Mechanisms of Action

Mar 7, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Inhaled Anesthetics: Mechanisms of Action

Key Points ▪ Anesthesia consists of separable and independent components, each of which involves distinct, but possibly overlapping, mechanisms at different sites in the central nervous system. ▪ The potencies…

read more

Respiratory Physiology and Pathophysiology

Mar 7, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Respiratory Physiology and Pathophysiology

Key Points ▪ Removal of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is determined by alveolar ventilation, not by total (minute) ventilation. ▪ Dead space ventilation can be dramatically increased in patients…

read more

Neuromuscular Physiology and Pharmacology

Mar 7, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Neuromuscular Physiology and Pharmacology

Key Points ▪ The neuromuscular junction contains the distal nerve terminal, Schwann cell, synaptic cleft, and muscle end plate, which together provide an array of receptors and substrates for drug…

read more
Premium Wordpress Themes by UFO Themes