Advances in Point-of-Care Thoracic Ultrasound

Dec 14, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Advances in Point-of-Care Thoracic Ultrasound

Key points • Pulmonary ultrasound allows for rapid diagnosis of pneumothorax, pulmonary edema, pneumonia, and intrathoracic free fluid. • Pulmonary ultrasound is more sensitive and specific than chest radiograph for…

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Approach to Adult Patients with Acute Dyspnea

Dec 14, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Approach to Adult Patients with Acute Dyspnea

Undifferentiated patients in respiratory distress require immediate attention in the emergency department. Using a thorough history and clinical examination, clinicians can determine the most likely causes of dyspnea. Understanding the…

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Airway Management of Respiratory Failure

Dec 14, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Airway Management of Respiratory Failure

Patients in respiratory distress often require airway management, including endotracheal intubation. It takes a methodical approach to transition from an unstable patient in distress with an unsecured airway, to a…

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Noninvasive Ventilation for the Emergency Physician

Dec 14, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Noninvasive Ventilation for the Emergency Physician

Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) improves oxygenation and ventilation, prevents endotracheal intubation, and decreases the mortality rate in select patients with acute respiratory failure. Although NIV is used commonly for acute exacerbations…

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Respiratory Emergencies in Geriatric Patients

Dec 14, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Respiratory Emergencies in Geriatric Patients

Acute dyspnea in older patients is a common presentation to the emergency department. Acute dyspnea in older adults is often the consequence of multiple overlapping disorders, such as pneumonia precipitating…

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Management of Acute Exacerbation of Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in the Emergency Department

Dec 14, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Management of Acute Exacerbation of Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in the Emergency Department

Acute asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations are the most common respiratory diseases requiring emergent medical evaluation and treatment. Asthma and COPD are chronic, debilitating disease processes that…

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