Antiemetics

Feb 18, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Antiemetics

Abstract Postoperative nausea and vomiting are a common postoperative challenge. Precipitating factors and prophylactic measures have changed repeatedly in the last decade in light of new evidence. New pharmacologic agents…

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Antibiotics

Feb 18, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Antibiotics

Abstract Antibiotics commonly administered in the operating room for infection prophylaxis may cause mild to life-threatening complications. The frequency and type of complications depend on the antibiotic class. Vancomycin is…

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Toxic Ingestion

Feb 18, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Toxic Ingestion

Abstract Drug and alcohol abuse are often associated with trauma and significantly confound the initial evaluation of such patients. Adult intoxications are usually polysubstance in nature, and the resultant toxidromes,…

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Spinal Cord Injury

Feb 18, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Spinal Cord Injury

Abstract Acute spinal cord injury (SCI) occurs with trauma and certain procedures in which the spinal cord or vasculature is at risk. Acute SCI is assessed by level of injury,…

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Retrobulbar Block

Feb 18, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Retrobulbar Block

Abstract Cataract surgery is probably the most frequently performed surgical procedure in industrialized nations. Patients’ multiple medical comorbidities and advanced age make ocular regional anesthesia a safe modality. The anesthesiologist…

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Sedation of Pediatric Patients

Feb 18, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Sedation of Pediatric Patients

Abstract Sedation can be categorized into several different levels from “minimal” to “deep” and (ultimately) as general anesthesia. Complications associated with sedation have been well documented. They are most commonly…

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Pulmonary Hypertension

Feb 18, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Pulmonary Hypertension

Abstract Pulmonary hypertension is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing surgery. It is important to understand the pathophysiology and causes. Early diagnosis and detection of right ventricular…

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Preterm Labor

Feb 18, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Preterm Labor

Abstract Preterm deliveries have decreased in recent years due to early diagnosis, pharmacologic interventions, and better monitoring technique. Preterm delivery causes significant morbidity and mortality. The American College of Obstetric…

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Postpartum Hemorrhage

Feb 18, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Postpartum Hemorrhage

Keywords coagulopathy, major obstetric hemorrhage, postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), resuscitation   Case Synopsis A 29-year-old woman, gravida 4, para 2, has been delivered of a 4200-g infant. Her labor had been…

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Posterior Fossa Surgery

Feb 18, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Posterior Fossa Surgery

Abstract The posterior fossa contains a number of vitally important neuronal and vascular structures, and surgery in this particular portion of the brain presents challenges for both the surgeon and…

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