Disorders of Potassium Balance

Feb 18, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Disorders of Potassium Balance

Abstract Potassium plays an important role in the resting membrane potential of excitable cells such as cardiac myocytes, and disorders of potassium balance can cause life-threatening arrhythmias. Hypokalemia in hospitalized…

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Barbiturates: Porphyrias

Feb 18, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Barbiturates: Porphyrias

Abstract Patients with acute/inducible porphyrias are at risk of porphyric crisis, particularly in the perioperative period. Drugs administered in the perioperative period, the condition requiring the surgery, stress, and/or fasting…

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Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm

Feb 18, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm

Abstract Morbidity and mortality related to thoracic aortic aneurism repair remains high despite advances in endovascular and open techniques. TAA patients are older, carry multiple comorbidities, and present with unique…

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Magnesium

Feb 18, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Magnesium

Abstract Magnesium is the fourth most abundant cation in the body and plays a significant role in the homeostasis of multiple body systems. Magnesium levels are regulated through gastrointestinal absorption…

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Ketamine

Feb 18, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Ketamine

Abstract Ketamine is a phencyclidine derivative that produces pharmacologic effects like dissociative anesthesia, sedation, catalepsy, profound somatic analgesia, amnesia, bronchodilatation, and sympathetic nervous system stimulation. It is currently being widely…

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Intrathecal Opioids

Feb 18, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Intrathecal Opioids

Abstract Intrathecal administration of opioids is a commonly used practice among anesthesiologists to treat intraoperative and postoperative pain. Historically, the primary concern with this method is the potential for causing…

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Thermally Injured Patients

Feb 18, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Thermally Injured Patients

Abstract Each year, nearly 500,000 people in the United States seek treatment for burn injury, of whom 40,000 to 80,000 are hospitalized, and 3500 to 5000 die. Challenges in the…

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Autonomic Hyperreflexia

Feb 18, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Autonomic Hyperreflexia

Abstract Autonomic hyperreflexia is a clinical syndrome occurring in patients with spinal cord injuries, typically at or above the T6 level. Episodes occur when a noxious stimulus below the spinal…

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Antihistamines: H 1- and H 2-Blockers

Feb 18, 2019 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Antihistamines: H 1- and H 2-Blockers

Abstract This chapter focuses on adverse effects and accompanying complications of the H 1 and H 2 antihistamine medication classes. Basic pharmacology and common uses for each drug are outlined….

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