CRITICAL CARE

Principles of Critical Care Ultrasonography

Dec 22, 2016 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Principles of Critical Care Ultrasonography

Principles of Critical Care Ultrasonography Phillips Perera, Laleh Gharahbaghian, Thomas “Tom” Mailhot, Sarah R. Williams, and Diku P. Mandavia BACKGROUND Traditionally, clinicians have divided shock into four distinct categories. In…

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Infections in the Immunocompromised Host

Dec 22, 2016 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Infections in the Immunocompromised Host

Infections in the Immunocompromised Host M. Cristina Vazquez-Guillamet, Joshua J. Mooney, and Joe L. Hsu BACKGROUND Recent decades have challenged the emergency physician to manage an evolving spectrum of infections…

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Principles of Antimicrobial Therapy

Dec 22, 2016 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Principles of Antimicrobial Therapy

Principles of Antimicrobial Therapy Chanu Rhee and Michael Klompas BACKGROUND In the past several decades, advances in the development of antimicrobial agents have supplied the physician with dozens of drugs…

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Ischemic Stroke

Dec 22, 2016 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Ischemic Stroke

Ischemic Stroke Mohamed Teleb and Paul Singh BACKGROUND Stroke is the fourth leading cause of mortality in the United States and incurs an estimated cost of 38.6 billion dollars anually.1…

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Respiratory Failure and Mechanical Ventilation

Dec 22, 2016 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Respiratory Failure and Mechanical Ventilation

Respiratory Failure and Mechanical Ventilation Jon-Emile S. Kenny and Stephen Ruoss BACKGROUND Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a life-threatening process that requires rapid identification and treatment by the emergency physician.1…

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Left Ventricular Assist Devices

Dec 22, 2016 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Left Ventricular Assist Devices

Left Ventricular Assist Devices Joe L. Hsu and Rachel H. Dotson BACKGROUND Heart failure affects over 6 million people in the United States and accounts for 1 million hospital admissions…

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Pulmonary Ultrasonography

Dec 22, 2016 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Pulmonary Ultrasonography

Pulmonary Ultrasonography Feras Khan and Anne-Sophie Beraud BACKGROUND Over the past decade, bedside point-of-care ultrasonography, or ultrasound (US), has become an indispensable tool in critical care and emergency medicine. It…

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Electrolyte Disorders

Dec 22, 2016 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Electrolyte Disorders

Electrolyte Disorders Katy M. Deljoui and Michael T. McCurdy BACKGROUND Electrolyte disorders are frequently observed in critically ill patients and are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. This chapter reviews…

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Arterial Blood Pressure Monitoring

Dec 22, 2016 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Arterial Blood Pressure Monitoring

Arterial Blood Pressure Monitoring Vidya K. Rao and John E. Arbo BACKGROUND Arterial blood pressure (ABP) is an essential cardiovascular vital sign and monitoring parameter for all critically ill patients….

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Severity of Illness Scores and Prognostication

Dec 22, 2016 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Severity of Illness Scores and Prognostication

Severity of Illness Scores and Prognostication David M. Maslove INTRODUCTION The ability to quickly and accurately assess a patient’s clinical status is essential to effective triage. This is especially true…

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