CRITICAL CARE

Biostatistics

Dec 30, 2018 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Biostatistics

INTRODUCTION Print Section Listen We are in an era of evidence-based medicine, with an exponentially increasing information base arising from descriptive and interventional studies. Clinicians are required to use this…

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Nutrition

Dec 30, 2018 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Nutrition

INTRODUCTION Print Section Listen Critical illness is associated with a systemic inflammatory response and catabolic state that leads to increased infections, multiorgan dysfunction, prolonged hospitalization, and death. The individual’s adaptive…

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Transplantation

Dec 30, 2018 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Transplantation

INTRODUCTION Print Section Listen Organ transplantation is an established treatment for patients with a wide variety of end-stage diseases. It is essential for physicians to familiarize themselves with the field…

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Surgical Intensive Care Unit

Dec 30, 2018 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Surgical Intensive Care Unit

INTRODUCTION Print Section Listen Surgical procedures constitute a sudden insult to the body, which can result in a myriad of life-threatening complications.1 While most postoperative complications occur 1 to 3…

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Status Epilepticus

Dec 30, 2018 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Status Epilepticus

INTRODUCTION Print Section Listen Acute seizures are common and are defined as a transient occurrence of signs and/or symptoms due to abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.1…

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Mechanical Ventilation

Dec 30, 2018 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Mechanical Ventilation

INTRODUCTION Print Section Listen This chapter will discuss the principles of mechanical ventilation, indications, modes of mechanical ventilation, weaning and spontaneous breathing trials, tracheostomy, complications of mechanical ventilation, special situations,…

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Gastroenterology

Dec 30, 2018 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Gastroenterology

INTRODUCTION Print Section Listen Myriad gastrointestinal (GI) maladies may affect patients in the intensive care unit (ICU), from GI bleeding to complications from liver cirrhosis. In this chapter, we review…

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Endocrinology

Dec 30, 2018 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Endocrinology

INTRODUCTION Print Section Listen In the setting of critical illness, the production and function of many hormones can be interrupted. As a result, new endocrine disorders may arise or preexisting…

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