CRITICAL CARE

Enteral Tube Feeding

Nov 8, 2018 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Enteral Tube Feeding

Enteral Tube Feeding When oral feeding is not possible, the preferred method of nutrition support is the infusion of liquid feeding formulas into the stomach or small bowel (enteral tube…

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Nutritional Requirements

Nov 8, 2018 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Nutritional Requirements

Nutritional Requirements The fundamental goal of nutritional support is to provide the daily nutrient and energy needs of each patient. This chapter will describe how to determine those needs in…

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Fever in the ICU

Nov 8, 2018 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Fever in the ICU

Fever in the ICU The appearance of a new fever is always a source of concern in a hospitalized patient. This chapter presents the general considerations for a new-onset fever…

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Thermoregulatory Disorders

Nov 8, 2018 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Thermoregulatory Disorders

Thermoregulatory Disorders The human thermoregulatory system limits the daily variation in body temperature to ±0.6°C (1). This chapter de-scribes what happens when this system fails, and allows the body temperature…

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Urinary Tract Infections

Nov 8, 2018 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary Tract Infections Urinary tract infections (UTIs) associated with bladder drainage catheters account for 40% of all hospital-acquired infections in the United States (1), but a majority of these infections…

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Abdominal Infections

Nov 8, 2018 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Abdominal Infections

Abdominal Infections This chapter describes abdominal infections that you are likely to encounter in the ICU, including infections of the biliary tree (acalculous cholecystitis), bowel (Clostridium difficile infections), and peritoneal…

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Pancreatitis and Liver Failure

Nov 8, 2018 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Pancreatitis and Liver Failure

Pancreatitis and Liver Failure The conditions described in this chapter (i.e., necrotizing pancreatitis and liver failure) share the following features: (a) both are associated with injury in multiple organs, (b)…

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Calcium and Phosphorus

Nov 8, 2018 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Calcium and Phosphorus

Calcium and Phosphorus Calcium and phosphorus are responsible for much of the structural integrity of the bony skeleton. Although neither is found in abundance in the soft tissues, both have…

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Magnesium

Nov 8, 2018 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Magnesium

Magnesium Magnesium is the second most abundant intracellular cation, and is an essential element for the utilization of energy in the organic world. Unfortunately, the “tip of the iceberg” analogy…

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Potassium

Nov 8, 2018 by in CRITICAL CARE Comments Off on Potassium

Potassium Monitoring the plasma potassium (K+) level as an index of total body K+ is like evaluating the size of an iceberg by its visible tip, because less than 1%…

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