Major Abdominal Surgery

Jun 9, 2021 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Major Abdominal Surgery

Introduction Major abdominal surgery encompasses a broad range of operations with a wide variety of procedures that fall under this category. The perioperative management after a low-risk procedure such as…

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Sepsis and Septic Shock

Jun 9, 2021 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Sepsis and Septic Shock

Introduction The Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock (Sepsis-3) recently defined sepsis as a “life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection.” Sepsis is…

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Neurosurgery

Jun 9, 2021 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Neurosurgery

After uncomplicated neurosurgical procedures, patients are often admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) for close observation. In the large majority of cases, this level of care is warranted as…

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Multisystem Trauma

Jun 9, 2021 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Multisystem Trauma

Care of patients with multisystem trauma is challenging. Although well-defined constellations of injury exist, ultimately each patient is unique in preinjury health, injury complex, and postinjury management. Because many injuries…

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Solid Organ Transplantation

Jun 9, 2021 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Solid Organ Transplantation

Solid organ transplantation is the surgical procedure in which an organ is removed from a one body (donor) and placed into another body (recipient). Solid organs that have been successfully…

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Major Orthopedic Surgery

Jun 9, 2021 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Major Orthopedic Surgery

The United States is experiencing considerable growth in its elderly population. In 2050, the population of elderly people aged 65 years and over is projected to be 83.7 million, almost…

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General Thoracic Surgery

Jun 9, 2021 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on General Thoracic Surgery

The focus of this chapter is on concepts in the perioperative period germane to general thoracic surgery. Areas that will be covered include preoperative pulmonary reserve assessment, prevention of postoperative…

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Cardiac Surgery

Jun 9, 2021 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Cardiac Surgery

Each year, more than 500,000 cardiac surgery procedures are performed in the United States, and, until recently, this number continued to grow annually. Cardiac surgical patients are routinely admitted to…

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Prevention of Perioperative Surgical Site Infection

Jun 9, 2021 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Prevention of Perioperative Surgical Site Infection

Introduction Surgical site infections (SSIs) are now the most common cause of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs), accounting for approximately 20% of all HAIs in hospitalized patients. Approximately 160,000–300,000 SSIs occur each…

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