Extracranial Cervical Artery Dissections

Dec 1, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Extracranial Cervical Artery Dissections

Cervical artery dissections (CeAD) include both internal carotid and vertebral artery dissections. They are rare but important causes of stroke, especially in younger patients. CeAD should be considered in patients…

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Thoracic Aortic Syndromes

Dec 1, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Thoracic Aortic Syndromes

Aortic dissection (AD) is a lethal, treatable disruption of the aortic vessel wall. It often presents without classic features, mimicking symptoms of other conditions, and diagnosis is often delayed. Established…

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Ischemic Stroke

Oct 12, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Ischemic Stroke

Acute ischemic stroke carries the risk of morbidity and mortality. Since the advent of intravenous thrombolysis, there have been improvements in stroke care and functional outcomes. Studies of populations once…

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Acute Limb Ischemia

Oct 12, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Acute Limb Ischemia

Acute limb ischemia is a medical emergency with significant morbidity and mortality. Rapid diagnosis is required because it is a time-sensitive condition. Timely treatment is necessary to restore blood flow…

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Mesenteric Ischemia

Oct 12, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Mesenteric Ischemia

Mesenteric ischemia has 4 etiologies: arterial embolus, arterial thrombosis, venous thrombosis, and nonocclusive. No history or physical examination finding can definitively diagnose the condition. A wide variety of presentations occur….

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Cerebral Venous Thrombosis

Oct 12, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Cerebral Venous Thrombosis

Headache is a common emergency department chief complaint. Although most are benign, emergency physicians must rapidly identify and manage the uncommon, sometimes subtle, presentation of headache from a life-threatening cause….

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Abdominal Aortic Emergencies

Oct 12, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Abdominal Aortic Emergencies

This article discusses abdominal aortic emergencies. There is a common thread of risk factors and causes of these diseases, including age, male gender, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and connective tissue disorders. The…

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Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Oct 12, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Although commonly arising from poorly controlled hypertension, spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage may occur secondary to several other etiologies. Clinical presentation to the emergency department ranges from headache with vomiting to coma….

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Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Oct 12, 2017 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a neurologic emergency due to bleeding into the subarachnoid space. Mortality can reach 50%. The clinical presentation is most often in the form of headache, classically…

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