PAIN MEDICINE

Morphology and Whiplash Injuries

Apr 4, 2021 by in PAIN MEDICINE Comments Off on Morphology and Whiplash Injuries

Morphology and Whiplash Injuries Brian D. Stemper Brian D. Corner Whiplash injuries lead to significant worldwide disability, affecting a variety of individuals from younger to older age groups, men and…

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Mechanisms of Joint Pain

Apr 4, 2021 by in PAIN MEDICINE Comments Off on Mechanisms of Joint Pain

Mechanisms of Joint Pain Hans-Georg Schaible Pain in the musculoskeletal system is frequent and often chronic. In particular, some diseases of the joint are quite prominent causes of pain, namely,…

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Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Jan 3, 2021 by in PAIN MEDICINE Comments Off on Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Introduction Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is defined as a “condition which develops when the reflux of gastric contents causes troublesome symptoms or complications.” The estimated prevalence of GERD in North America is…

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Esophagitis

Jan 3, 2021 by in PAIN MEDICINE Comments Off on Esophagitis

Introduction Abdominal pain and chest pain represent the two most prevalent pain complaints to the US emergency departments each year at 8.6% and 5.2%, respectively. Of those presenting with chest…

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Atypical Chest Wall Pain

Jan 3, 2021 by in PAIN MEDICINE Comments Off on Atypical Chest Wall Pain

Introduction The initial evaluation for chest pain must rule out potentially life-threatening cardiac and pulmonary causes. However, the majority of chest pain cases are actually noncardiac in origin and typically…

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Postherpetic Neuralgia

Jan 3, 2021 by in PAIN MEDICINE Comments Off on Postherpetic Neuralgia

Introduction Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a neuropathic pain syndrome that occurs following an acute episode of herpes zoster, commonly known as shingles . As with other manifestations of neuropathic pain,…

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Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Jan 3, 2021 by in PAIN MEDICINE Comments Off on Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Introduction IBS has a worldwide prevalence rate of 5%–20% , and makes up ~25% of “functional gastrointestinal disorders” diagnoses. Functional abdominal pain is difficult to define, diffuse (not localized), and…

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Jan 3, 2021 by in PAIN MEDICINE Comments Off on Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Introduction Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory condition that comprises two different clinical diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). The Centers for…

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