EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Chapter 8 – Burn Injuries

Apr 22, 2021 by in EMERGENCY MEDICINE Comments Off on Chapter 8 – Burn Injuries

Abstract The skin functions as a critical external barrier and serves a vital role in protecting against pathogens but also in thermoregulation, management of fluids and electrolytes, and protection from…

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Chapter 16 – Central Venous Access

Apr 22, 2021 by in EMERGENCY MEDICINE Comments Off on Chapter 16 – Central Venous Access

Abstract Central venous access is obtained via the internal jugular vein (IJV), subclavian vein (SCV), or femoral vein. Chapter 16 Central Venous Access Meghan Lewis and Andrea Austin General Principles…

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Chapter 9 – Soft Tissue Injuries

Apr 22, 2021 by in EMERGENCY MEDICINE Comments Off on Chapter 9 – Soft Tissue Injuries

Abstract Extensive blunt soft tissue trauma may occur after traffic accidents, falls from significant heights, and crush injuries. It is a common problem after major earthquakes or collapsed buildings (see…

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Chapter 15 – Disaster Medicine

Apr 22, 2021 by in EMERGENCY MEDICINE Comments Off on Chapter 15 – Disaster Medicine

Abstract Disasters often occur without any warning and may result in mass casualties that can overwhelm the capacity of local and regional healthcare systems. The etiology of disasters can be…

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Chapter 13 – Pediatric Trauma

Apr 22, 2021 by in EMERGENCY MEDICINE Comments Off on Chapter 13 – Pediatric Trauma

Abstract Pediatric trauma is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Although the principles of the initial evaluation and management are the same as in adult patients, it…

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Chapter 12 – Trauma in Pregnancy

Apr 22, 2021 by in EMERGENCY MEDICINE Comments Off on Chapter 12 – Trauma in Pregnancy

Abstract The pregnant patient represents a double resuscitation, as there are two patients to simultaneously consider. Fetal resuscitation is dependent upon adequate maternal resuscitation and stability and ongoing monitoring of…

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Chapter 5 – Abdominal Trauma

Apr 22, 2021 by in EMERGENCY MEDICINE Comments Off on Chapter 5 – Abdominal Trauma

Abstract Traffic collisions, followed by falls, are by far the most common cause of severe blunt abdominal trauma. Solid organs, usually the spleen and liver, are the most commonly injured…

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Chapter 14 – Geriatric Trauma

Apr 22, 2021 by in EMERGENCY MEDICINE Comments Off on Chapter 14 – Geriatric Trauma

Abstract Elderly patients have limited respiratory reserve and often decompensate rapidly and unexpectedly. Liberal early endotracheal intubation should be considered. Good preoxygenation should be a priority whenever possible. Chapter 14…

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