Normal Vaginal Deliveries

Dec 30, 2020 by in EMERGENCY MEDICINE Comments Off on Normal Vaginal Deliveries

Normal Vaginal Deliveries Liza G. Smith OVERVIEW Most women in labor present directly or are triaged to an obstetric unit so births occurring in the prehospital or emergency department (ED)…

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Placental Abnormalities

Dec 30, 2020 by in EMERGENCY MEDICINE Comments Off on Placental Abnormalities

Placental Abnormalities James Wong III Megan C. Henn Michelle D. Lall OVERVIEW The placenta is the lifeline of the growing fetus. Maternal blood enters the placenta through approximately 120 spiral…

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Preterm Labor

Dec 30, 2020 by in EMERGENCY MEDICINE Comments Off on Preterm Labor

Preterm Labor Luce A. Kassi Samantha P. DeAndrade Audra R. Meadows OVERVIEW Preterm labor is a common cause of hospitalization in pregnancy and may lead to preterm birth. Preterm birth…

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Prelabor Rupture of Membranes

Dec 30, 2020 by in EMERGENCY MEDICINE Comments Off on Prelabor Rupture of Membranes

Prelabor Rupture of Membranes Motunrayo Mobolaji-Lawal Karen J. Jubanyik OVERVIEW Background Prelabor rupture of membranes (PROM) is the spontaneous rupture of fetal membranes before the onset of labor at any…

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Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

Dec 30, 2020 by in EMERGENCY MEDICINE Comments Off on Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

Peripartum Cardiomyopathy Alisa Anderson Eric J. Lee Rebecca Barron OVERVIEW Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) can be an elusive diagnosis with a clinical presentation that is similar to signs and symptoms of…

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Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy

Dec 30, 2020 by in EMERGENCY MEDICINE Comments Off on Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy

Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy Ramu Kharel Megan C. Henn Michelle D. Lall OVERVIEW The primary causes of maternal mortality around the world are hemorrhage, hypertension, and infection.1 In the United…

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Preparation for Precipitous Delivery

Dec 30, 2020 by in EMERGENCY MEDICINE Comments Off on Preparation for Precipitous Delivery

Preparation for Precipitous Delivery Alison Schroth Hayward Tess Wiskel OVERVIEW Emergency medicine providers must be prepared to manage obstetric deliveries at all times. Patients may present to any medical facility…

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Ultrasound in Obstetric Emergencies

Dec 30, 2020 by in EMERGENCY MEDICINE Comments Off on Ultrasound in Obstetric Emergencies

Ultrasound in Obstetric Emergencies Carla Sterling Zachary Testo Gavin Budhram OVERVIEW Ultrasound was first used to portray a fetus in utero in 1953 and subsequently became the preferred imaging modality…

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Gestational Trophoblastic Disease

Dec 30, 2020 by in EMERGENCY MEDICINE Comments Off on Gestational Trophoblastic Disease

Gestational Trophoblastic Disease Timothy DeKoninck Britta Hakkila Stacey L. Poznanski OVERVIEW Background The term “gestational trophoblastic disease” (GTD) describes a spectrum of disorders that originate from placental trophoblastic tissue following…

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Ectopic Pregnancy

Dec 30, 2020 by in EMERGENCY MEDICINE Comments Off on Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectopic Pregnancy Pavitra Kotini-Shah Komal Paladugu OVERVIEW Ectopic pregnancy (EP) is a high-risk pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum implants outside of the endometrium of the uterus. It affects approximately…

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