Aortic Regurgitation

Apr 16, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Aortic Regurgitation

Aortic Regurgitation Praveen Mehrotra Ira S. Cohen ASSESSMENT OF AORTIC REGURGITATION (AR) has evolved considerably with advances in echocardiographic technology since Ward et al. (1) first described the use of…

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Mitral Valve Stenosis

Apr 16, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Mitral Valve Stenosis

Mitral Valve Stenosis Megan P. Kostibas Mary Beth Brady Colleen G. Koch INTRODUCTION The 19th century physician, Jean-Nicolas Corvisart established the diagnostic value of percussion in the physical diagnosis of…

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Mitral Regurgitation

Apr 16, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Mitral Regurgitation

Mitral Regurgitation Adam M. Dryden A. Stephane Lambert INTRODUCTION Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has become a standard of care in the cardiac operating room, allowing the anesthesiologist to play an important…

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Quantitative Doppler and Hemodynamics

Apr 16, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Quantitative Doppler and Hemodynamics

Quantitative Doppler and Hemodynamics Tzong Huei Chen Andrew Maslow Albert C. Perrino Jr. When you can measure what you are speaking about, and express it in numbers, you know something…

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Doppler Technology and Technique

Apr 16, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Doppler Technology and Technique

Doppler Technology and Technique Albert C. Perrino Jr. INTRODUCTION Two-dimensional echocardiography provides remarkable high-resolution, full motion display of cardiac structures. Yet despite the ability to reveal the most intricate anatomic…

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Diagnosis of Myocardial Ischemia

Apr 16, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Diagnosis of Myocardial Ischemia

Diagnosis of Myocardial Ischemia Joachim M. Erb Manfred D. Seeberger ANATOMY AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF THE MYOCARDIAL BLOOD SUPPLY Coronary Anatomy The myocardium has its own independent blood supply and drainage…

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Two-Dimensional Examination

Apr 16, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Two-Dimensional Examination

Two-Dimensional Examination Joseph P. Miller ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY IS A CORNERSTONE OF medical imaging and clinical decision making. Echocardiographic technology continues to rapidly improve. Real-time biplane imaging is a reality in most…

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Principles and Technology of Two-Dimensional Echocardiography

Apr 16, 2020 by in ANESTHESIA Comments Off on Principles and Technology of Two-Dimensional Echocardiography

Principles and Technology of Two-Dimensional Echocardiography Michelle Gorgone Andrew Maslow Albert C. Perrino Jr. INTRODUCTION Two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography generates dynamic images of the heart from reflections of transmitted ultrasound. The…

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