Pencil Point Puncture

CHAPTER 150


Pencil Point Puncture


Presentation


The patient presents after being stabbed or stuck with a sharp pencil point. He may be openly or unconsciously worried about lead poisoning. A small puncture wound lined with graphite tattooing will be present (Figure 150-1). The pencil tip may or may not be present, visible, or palpable. If the puncture wound is palpated, an underlying pencil point may give the patient a foreign body sensation.


image


Figure 150-1 Acute pencil point puncture.


What To Do:


image Reassure the patient or parent that there is no danger of lead poisoning. Pencil “leads” are made of clay and graphite, which is primarily carbon and nontoxic.


image Conduct a full examination, including sensory and motor function of the affected area.


image Obtain a thorough history relating to the injury, and assess the patient’s risk of developing complications, which are rare.


image Palpate and inspect for a foreign body. If uncertain, obtain a radiograph or ultrasonogram to rule out the presence of a foreign body. Most often, there is no foreign body; there are only the embedded black graphite particles.


image Administer local anesthesia if necessary; then thoroughly scrub the wound.


image image To reduce the amount of tattooing, the wound may be scraped (dermabraded) with the tip of a scalpel blade (Figure 150-2). Always administer local anesthesia using lidocaine (1% with or without epinephrine) before scraping wound.


image


Figure 150-2 Dermabrade to reduce tattooing.


image Warn the patient or family about signs of infection (increasing pain, redness, swelling, red streaking,) and inform them that there may be a permanent black tattoo that can be removed later if the resulting mark is cosmetically unacceptable (Figure 150-3).


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Figure 150-3 Residual tattoo from old pencil point puncture.


image Administer tetanus prophylaxis, if necessary (see Appendix H).


What Not To Do:


image Do not excise the entire wound on the initial visit.


image Do not prescribe prophylactic antibiotics, because these are not necessary.



Discussion


It is unwise to excise the entire wound, because the resultant scar might be more unsightly than the tattoo. If a superficial pencil tip foreign body exists, see Chapter 154 for an easy removal technique. Most of these wounds do not contain a foreign body but only the appearance of one. Tattoo prevention should be the clinician’s primary concern. If tattooing is present and of cosmetic concern, the patient may benefit from a referral to a dermatologist for removal.


Rarely, deep punctures or foreign bodies may require exploratory surgery in the operating room.

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Aug 11, 2016 | Posted by in EMERGENCY MEDICINE | Comments Off on Pencil Point Puncture
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