Paravertebral block

CHAPTER 32 Paravertebral block

Clinical anatomy

The paravertebral space is a wedge-shaped area on both sides of the vertebral column (Fig. 32.1). The boundaries of the space are: posteriorly, the superior costotransverse ligament; laterally, the posterior intercostal membrane; and anteriorly, the parietal pleura. At the base of the triangle (medially) is the posterolateral aspect of the vertebra, disc, and intervertebral foramen (Fig. 32.2). Contents of the paravertebral space include fatty tissue, intercostal vessels, spinal (intercostal) nerve, dorsal ramus, rami communicantes, and sympathetic chain (anteriorly). The paravertebral space is continuous medially with the epidural space and laterally with the intercostal space. The inferior limit of this space occurs at the origins of the psoas major muscle. The superior limit extends into the cervical region.


A linear array transducer is placed initially at a point 2.5 cm lateral to the tip of the spinous process in a vertical orientation, obtaining a sagittal paramedian view of the transverse processes (TP), superior costotransverse ligament (SCTL) and underlying pleura (Fig. 32.4). The transverse processes are seen as interrupted hyperechoic lines with loss of image beneath. The parietal pleura is identified as a bright structure running deep to the adjacent TPs and can be seen to slide with patient respirations. The superior costotransverse ligament, though less distinct, is seen as a collection of homogeneous linear echogenic bands alternating with echo-poor areas running from one TP to the next (Fig. 32.4).


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Jul 28, 2016 | Posted by in ANESTHESIA | Comments Off on Paravertebral block

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