Use Caution when Using Milrinone in Renal Failure



Use Caution when Using Milrinone in Renal Failure


Ying Wei Lum MD



Mechanism of Action

Milrinone is a selective inhibitor of type III cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) phosphodiesterase isozyme in cardiac and vascular smooth muscle. Its inhibitory action on phosphodiesterase results in increased cAMP levels, which in turn increases contractility in cardiac muscle and stimulates vasodilatation in blood vessels. This causes an increase in cardiac output and decrease in pulmonary wedge pressure. These hemodynamic changes are obtained without excessive changes in heart rate or increase in myocardial oxygen consumption.


Indication

The use of milrinone has been best studied in patients with congestive heart failure. It appears to be very efficacious in nonhypotensive patients with acute nonischemic cardiomyopathy, despite treatment with diuretics. These patients benefit from an enhancement in contractility and after load reduction. Duration of therapy should last for 48 to 72 hours. There are no studies to date that support its use for a longer period. Long-term oral therapy with milrinone has been associated with increased mortality.

Jul 1, 2016 | Posted by in ANESTHESIA | Comments Off on Use Caution when Using Milrinone in Renal Failure
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